Publication Date :
Author : Amīr Khusrau
(Translated by Ji Hyun Lee)
Amīr Khusrau(1253-1324) was the first Hindi poet. Although he is a crucial figure in history of Hindi literature there is not a sufficient research on him. His major works include court poetry written in Persian, the language of ruling class, Sufi poetry, and Hindi poetry, which was a regional dialect. Especially in Hindi riddles of his, artistic and secular characteristics are well combined. Khusrau tried new form in Hindi poetry unlike Persian poetry. It brought interest of public in the form of riddle in which the speaker and the listener are directly involved, and entertaining and secular themes portrayed their society and culture. The poet created riddles by changing the form and meaning of homophones from different languages such as Persian, Arabic, and Hindi. He also provided a foothold for Hindi, a spoken language, to be a written language.
The book includes Hindi riddle poems including Khusrau's Paheli and the derivations Mukri, Do Sukhne, and Nisbat, with India's social, cultural, and historical background for better understanding.
Lee Ji Hyun: Current HK research professor at HUFS. Ph.D. in Hindi Literature at Jawaharlal Nehru University, India.