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Academic/Cultural Series

Indian Studies through Comprehensive Structural Studies

[Great Transition in India Series 4] The Call of the Caravan Bell بان٘گِ دَرا‎ : علامه اقبال كى شاعرى

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Publication Date : 2019-03-28
Author : Muhammad Iqbal (Translated by Yong-Jeong Kim,  Taejin Koh, Jongchan Choi)
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Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938), a national poet who inspired people with patriotism in India under British rule and a philosopher who presented a utopia for muslims, is praised as spiritual father in Pakistan. He published a gem of poems in Urdu and Persian. His literary world reflects colonial India and his own philosophy and ideas. This anthology selected representative poems that embraces his joys and sorrows as colonial intellectual as well as profound philosophy with an insight into a life of human and universe. 20 poems were selected from The Call of the Caravan Bell and Gabriel's Wing. The Call of the Caravan Bell was chosen for the title of the translated anthology as most of the works were selected from the collection. 

19 works were chosen from ​The Call of the Caravan Bell(1924)​a representative collection of Urdu poetry from before 1905 to 1923. The works before 1905, "The Himalayas", "Mizra Ghalib", "Moth and Candle", "The Wave of River", "The Portrait of Anguish", "The Indian Anthem", "Firefly", "Morning Star", "A New Altar", and "On the Bank of the Ravi", are pastoral and portray patriotism. Published from 1905 to 1908, "Beauty's Essense", "The Morning Star", "Union", "Moon and Stars", and "Man" were written when the poet agreed with Western rationalism and pragmatism while disappointed by materialism and narrow-minded nationalism. Islamic ideas and utopia are well presented in these works. "The Star", "The Human Race", "The Complaint", and "The Answer to the Complaint" are included. Finally, "There Are More World's Beyond the Stars" was chosen from ​Gabriel's Wing​. 


Kim Yong-Jeong: Current HK research professor at Institute of Indian Studies, HUFS. Ph.D. in Hindi Literature at University of Delhi, India. Publications include "Hindi Grammar for Beginners" (co-author), "Intermediate Hindi Grammar" (co-author), and "FLEX Hindi UP" (co-author).


Koh Taejin: Professor of Department of Indian Languages and Cultures at HUFS. Ph.D. in Linguistics at University of Delhi, India. Publications include "Hindi for Beginners", "A Typological Grammar of Ho", "Practical Hindi Conversation" (co-author).


Choi Jongchan: Graduate of Department of Indian Languages and Cultures at HUFS. Ph.D. in Linguistics at University of Delhi and current Professor of Department of Indian Languages and Cultures at HUFS. Major theses include "Special Properties of Perfective and Imperfective Participles in Hindi", "Pāṇini's kāraka theory", and "Jāti-samuddeśa’ of Bhatṛhari", and publications "Looking at India Right" (co-author) and "Hindi Grammar for Beginners" (co-author).