Special Lecture: Ambassador Ahn Young-Jip
□ Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Institute of Indian Studies HK+ Team hosted the special lecture on the topic "Indians in Singapore" on November 16th (Tue).
□ The history of Indian-Singapore exchanges began around the 11th century when the Tamil community was formed in Southeast Asia. In Singapore, a modern port was built when Britain's Stamford Raffles landed. Previously, the influence of the Netherlands was crucial, but later it was influenced by the UK. For about 50 years after this landing, Britain regarded Singapore as part of India. Britain ruled Singapore and moved a large number of Indian Tamil people. As a result, 5% of Singapore's population and half of India's population are Tamil.
After Singapore's independence, the two countries maintained a similar identity as a member of the Commonwealth and a member of the non-alliance movement. However, practical exchange and cooperation were insufficient. Then, after the 1990s, diplomatic relations between the two countries began to become close. In 2005, the Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA) was signed, making Singapore the first foreign direct investment country in India, and a number of Indian IT technicians entered Singapore. In 2014, Prime Minister Modi became more closely related to Singapore through the Act East policy. However, in 2019, India refused to participate in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Cooperation (REP).
Currently, the proportion of the Indian population in Singapore is 7.5% of the total population (5.44 million), of which 54% are Tamil people. 57.5% of Indian people believe in Hinduism, and there are two previous presidents, a number of ministers, and leaders in various fields, so they are active. In particular, the majority of foreign ministers are Indian, which seems to have worked as a political arrangement to prevent China from thinking of Singapore as part of China due to Chinese, which accounts for the majority of Singapore's population. In addition, the current official languages of Singapore are English, Mandarin, Malay, and Tamil, which also allows us to guess the status of Indians in Singapore.
In addition, the two countries have had growing cooperative relationship in the economic and military fields. However, there is also a conflict. Singapore won the construction of Amaravati, a new capital in Andra Pradesh, but the agreement was canceled after the state was replaced from the Telugu Desam Party to the YSR Congress Party through local elections in May 2019. Singapore continues to raise this issue. It's an Indian university.There was a project to re-establish the Buddhist University, but it was also not cooperated with India.
This special lecture also introduced the factors of change in the difference between human-China economic power analyzed by Singapore and India's success plan proposed by Singapore to India
□ The lecture was held both face-to-face and online with 40 and 20 participants respectively.